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Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that derives its predominant flavor from juniper berries (Juniperus communis). Gin originated as a medicinal liquor made by monks and alchemists across Europe, particularly in Southern France, Flanders, and the Netherlands, to provide aqua vita from distillates of grapes and grains. It then became an object of commerce in the spirits industry. After introducing the jenever, gin emerged in England, a Dutch and Belgian liquor that was originally a medicine. Although this development took place in the early 17th century, gin became widespread after the William of Orange-led 1688 Glorious Revolution and subsequent import restrictions on French brandy. Gin today is produced in different ways from a wide range of herbal ingredients, giving rise to several distinct styles and brands. After juniper, gin tends to be flavored with botanical/herbal, spice, floral or fruit-flavors, or often a combination. It is most commonly consumed mixed with tonic water.